Dry Bean

What is Dry Bean?

Dry beans are a staple food that has been consumed by humans for thousands of years. They are the seeds of plants belonging to the legume family, which includes over 18,000 species. When the beans mature on the plant, they are left to dry out, which is where they get their name. Dry beans come in a variety of shapes and sizes, but they are all characterized by their tough outer shells and soft, starchy interior.

One of the most interesting things about dry beans is that they have a very long shelf life. When stored properly, they can last for years without spoiling. This is because dry beans are very low in moisture, which makes it difficult for bacteria and mold to grow. However, it is important to note that even though dry beans can last for a long time, they can still lose their flavor and texture over time. For this reason, it is recommended that you use them within a year of purchasing them.

Dry beans are a flexible food ingredient that can be incorporated into an array of dishes, ranging from soups and stews to dips and salads. They offer a rich source of plant-based protein, fiber, and other crucial nutrients, making them a popular choice for those following vegetarian and vegan diets. Dry beans are commonly used in traditional dishes from various cultures, including chili con carne, hummus, and cassoulet. Altogether, dry beans are a significant and healthy food that has been relished by individuals worldwide for centuries.

Dry Bean Production in the World

India is the top country producing dry beans in the world. As of 2022, India produced 6,610,000 tonnes of dry beans, accounting for 23.32% of the total production. Brazil is the world's second-largest dry bean producer, with 2,842,395 tonnes, which represents 10.03% of the total production. In terms of dry bean yield, Mali is the most productive country on the planet with 100,434. Myanmar, The United Republic of Tanzania, and Uganda are the top three leading countries with '2,663,278', '1,347,585', '1,304,563', and '1,283,994' tonnes respectively. Puerto Rico has the lowest production of dry beans in the world with only 61 tonnes in 2022. The world's total production of dry beans was estimated at 28,346,201 tonnes in 2022.

Source: FAOSTAT

Top 10 Countries by Dry Bean Production in 2022

Top Countries by Production of Dry Bean in 2022

Rank Country production(Tonnes) acreage(Hectare) Yield
1
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India
6,610,00015,853,3514,169
2
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Brazil
2,842,3952,607,61610,900
3
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Myanmar
2,663,2782,860,7359,310
4
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The United Republic of Tanzania
1,347,5851,003,39713,430
5
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Uganda
1,304,563730,81717,851
6
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China
1,283,994727,96317,638
7
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United States of America
1,172,400491,05523,875
8
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Mexico
1,002,4481,453,2136,898
9
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Argentina
679,744535,46612,694
10
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Ethiopia
619,096379,90916,296
11
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Kenya
513,0001,043,2884,917
12
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Burundi
499,310859,2365,811
13
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Mozambique
469,886566,1278,300
14
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Rwanda
449,448634,1927,087
15
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Cameroon
387,660297,52613,029
16
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Angola
358,209701,0365,110
17
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Democratic People's Republic of Korea
327,915372,8688,794
18
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Canada
312,994117,30026,683
19
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Kazakhstan
307,867278,18111,067
20
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Democratic Republic of the Congo
271,979498,9245,451
21
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Belarus
271,88996,74328,104
22
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Türkiye
270,00097,04927,821
23
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Malawi
225,022353,7086,362
24
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Nicaragua
219,888242,3649,073
25
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Togo
216,518394,3765,490
26
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Australia
215,821118,25818,250
27
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Ghana
194,636128,38415,161
28
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Mali
165,52016,481100,434
29
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Iran (Islamic Republic of)
160,01786,12918,579
30
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Egypt
159,41843,81636,384
31
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Chad
159,011229,5156,928
32
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Guatemala
152,688150,09510,173
33
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Vietnam
150,069123,29612,171
34
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Benin
142,002147,8089,607
35
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Pakistan
139,405224,8176,201
36
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Honduras
130,907163,1928,022
37
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Venezuela (Bolivarian Republic of)
120,900147,8148,179
38
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Colombia
115,33085,22513,532
39
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El Salvador
105,629106,2049,946
40
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Bolivia (Plurinational State of)
105,32282,80012,720
41
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Indonesia
98,000104,3429,392
42
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Thailand
88,827116,6547,615
43
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Kyrgyzstan
88,74451,87517,107
44
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Peru
87,70168,23712,852
45
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Haiti
82,745268,9213,077
46
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Bangladesh
80,55387,5009,206
47
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Cambodia
80,28666,76412,025
48
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Madagascar
76,33064,64411,808
49
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Cuba
69,19372,1479,591
50
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Zambia
60,26296,4486,248
51
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Ukraine
58,87037,00015,911
52
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South Africa
52,59042,90012,259
53
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Japan
50,60029,40017,211
54
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Paraguay
48,06173,0406,580
55
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Dominican Republic
39,43337,32310,565
56
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Côte d'Ivoire
38,13844,8388,506
57
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Philippines
36,84941,4778,884
58
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Tajikistan
35,2104,66575,484
59
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Somalia
26,80087,5183,062
60
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Albania
21,77012,99316,755
61
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Nepal
19,15822,2718,602
62
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Niger
18,71636,1435,178
63
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Zimbabwe
17,77833,7865,262
64
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Ecuador
14,67223,1986,325
65
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Costa Rica
14,52420,0677,238
66
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Mauritania
13,48111,09612,149
67
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Sudan
12,4013,56934,745
68
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Taiwan
12,2836,11520,086
69
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Russian Federation
10,3127,18814,346
70
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Timor-Leste
10,2847,74013,286
71
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Chile
10,2076,23016,384
72
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Djibouti
9,58530,1063,184
73
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Republic of Moldova
9,50020,4004,657
74
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Belize
9,3589,23510,133
75
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Serbia
7,9978,6279,270
76
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Republic of Korea
7,2595,52913,128
77
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Sri Lanka
6,4935,84611,107
78
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Lesotho
6,43919,7663,258
79
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North Macedonia
6,4145,02812,757
80
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Azerbaijan
6,1462,76722,211
81
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Panama
6,06213,3634,536
82
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Bosnia and Herzegovina
5,7933,04919,000
83
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Turkmenistan
5,7001,53137,242
84
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Iraq
5,6011,19446,916
85
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Lao People's Democratic Republic
4,9552,80417,672
86
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Congo
4,4235,3928,204
87
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South Sudan
3,8401,23131,198
88
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Algeria
3,2913,5149,365
89
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Uruguay
3,1735,0046,342
90
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Yemen
3,1061,36422,772
91
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Georgia
2,9002,70010,741
92
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Lebanon
2,8171,02827,390
93
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Armenia
2,1611,00021,608
94
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Libya
1,23936034,396
95
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Syrian Arab Republic
1,02960217,093
96
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Eswatini
7381,5074,898
97
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Bhutan
3644258,554
98
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Tunisia
2533138,078
99
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Montenegro
2534062,857
100
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Grenada
13110312,788
101
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Jamaica
13012610,317
102
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Namibia
1288515,052
103
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Eritrea
1211,879643
104
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Barbados
1192058,248
105
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Dominica
817910,207
106
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Puerto Rico
611125,446

Health Benefits of Dry Bean

Dry beans are known for their numerous health benefits, thanks to their high nutrient content. Here are some of the health benefits of dry beans:

  1. Excellent source of plant-based protein: Dry beans are a valuable source of protein, particularly for individuals adhering to a vegetarian or vegan diet, as they contain all the essential amino acids required for muscle tissue building and repair.
  2. High in fiber: Dry beans are rich in fiber, which plays a vital role in maintaining digestive health and reducing cholesterol levels. Additionally, fiber promotes satiety, which can aid in managing body weight.
  3. Rich in vitamins and minerals: Dry beans provide a variety of important vitamins and minerals, including folate, iron, magnesium, and potassium. Folate is necessary for DNA synthesis and cell division, iron supports healthy blood cells, magnesium promotes bone health, and potassium helps regulate blood pressure.
  4. May reduce the risk of chronic diseases: Regular consumption of dry beans has been found in studies to potentially lower the risk of chronic diseases, such as heart disease, diabetes, and some types of cancer. This may be due to the high antioxidant content and anti-inflammatory properties of dry beans.
  5. Can aid in blood sugar control: Dry beans have a low glycemic index, which means they are digested slowly and can help regulate blood sugar levels. This makes them a good food choice for those with diabetes or anyone looking to stabilize their blood sugar levels.

Overall, dry beans are a nutritious and delicious food that can provide many health benefits when consumed regularly as part of a balanced diet.

Nutritional Information of Dry Bean

Here are the approximate nutrition values for dry beans per 100 grams:

  • Calories: 336
  • Protein: 21.42 grams
  • Fat: 1.53 grams
  • Carbohydrates: 60.19 grams
  • Fiber: 15.0 grams
  • Sugar: 2.28 grams
  • Calcium: 56 milligrams
  • Iron: 4.31 milligrams
  • Magnesium: 107 milligrams
  • Phosphorus: 333 milligrams
  • Potassium: 1184 milligrams
  • Sodium: 6 milligrams
  • Zinc: 3.07 milligrams
  • Vitamin C: 0 milligrams
  • Thiamin: 0.435 milligrams
  • Riboflavin: 0.162 milligrams
  • Niacin: 2.53 milligrams
  • Vitamin B6: 0.436 milligrams
  • Folate: 358 micrograms
  • Vitamin A: 0 IU
  • Vitamin E: 0.35 milligrams
  • Vitamin K: 9 micrograms

It is important to note that the exact nutrition values can vary slightly depending on the type of dry bean. Additionally, the method of preparation can also affect the nutrient content. For example, soaking and cooking dry beans can reduce their anti-nutrient content and make certain nutrients more bioavailable.

Types of Dry Bean

There are many different types of dry beans, each with its unique flavor, texture, and culinary uses. Here are some of the most popular types of dry beans:

  1. Kidney beans: These beans are large and kidney-shaped, with a deep red color. They have a slightly sweet flavor and a creamy texture and are often used in chili, soups, and stews.
  2. Black beans: These beans are small and round, with shiny black skin. They have a mild, slightly sweet flavor and a soft, creamy texture. Black beans are often used in Latin American cuisine and are a staple ingredient in dishes such as black bean soup, burritos, and tacos.
  3. Navy beans: These small, white beans have a mild, nutty flavor and a creamy texture. They are often used in baked beans, soups, and stews.
  4. Garbanzo beans (chickpeas): These beans are round and beige, with a slightly nutty flavor and a firm texture. They are commonly used in Mediterranean and Middle Eastern cuisine and are a key ingredient in dishes such as hummus, falafel, and chana masala.
  5. Lima beans: Also known as butter beans, these large, flat beans have a delicate, buttery flavor and a creamy texture. They are often used in soups, stews, and casseroles.
  6. Pinto beans: These beans are medium-sized and oval-shaped, with a beige-pink color and a slightly sweet, earthy flavor. They are commonly used in Mexican cuisine and are a key ingredient in dishes such as refried beans and chili con carne.
  7. Lentils: Although not technically a bean, lentils are a type of legume that is often used as a substitute for beans. They come in a variety of colors, including green, brown, and red, and have a mild, earthy flavor and a soft, grainy texture. Lentils are commonly used in soups, stews, and salads.

These are just a few examples of the many types of dry beans available. Other popular varieties include cannellini beans, adzuki beans, and mung beans.

Uses of Dry Bean

Dry beans are an incredibly versatile ingredient that can be used in a wide variety of dishes. Here are some common uses of dry beans:

  1. Soups and stews: Dry beans are a popular ingredient in soups and stews, adding protein, fiber, and texture. They can be used in hearty vegetable soups, chili, or in traditional bean soups such as minestrone or split pea soup.
  2. Salads: Cooked and cooled dry beans can be added to salads for a protein boost, adding texture and flavor. Popular bean salads include three-bean salad, black bean salad, and chickpea salad.
  3. Side dishes: Dry beans can be served as a simple side dish, seasoned with herbs and spices, or cooked with vegetables. They are often served alongside rice or as a filling for baked potatoes.
  4. Vegetarian and vegan dishes: Because dry beans are an excellent source of plant-based protein, they are often used in vegetarian and vegan dishes as a meat substitute. For example, black bean burgers or lentil meatballs can be a tasty alternative to traditional meat dishes.
  5. Dips and spreads: Dry beans can be pureed and used as a base for dips and spreads. Hummus, made from pureed chickpeas, is a popular example.
  6. Baked goods: Cooked, mashed beans can be used as a substitute for butter or oil in baked goods, adding fiber and reducing the fat content. For example, black bean brownies are a healthier alternative to traditional brownies.

These are just a few examples of the many uses for dry beans. They are a versatile and nutritious ingredient that can be used in countless ways in the kitchen.