Green Bean

What is Green Bean?

Green beans are the immature or young pods of several varieties of the common bean (Phaseolus vulgaris), the runner bean (Phaseolus coccineus), the yardlong bean (Vigna unguiculata subsp. sesquipedalis), and the hyacinth bean (Lablab purpureus).

The common names for green beans include French beans (French: haricot vert), string beans (although the majority of contemporary cultivars are "stringless"), snap beans, and simply "snaps."

Green beans are offered fresh, canned, and frozen as a staple cuisine in many nations. They can be consumed raw, cooked, steamed, stir-fried, or baked. They are frequently prepared in different cuisines such as soups, stews, and casseroles. Like cucumbers, green beans can also be pickled.

Green Bean Production in the World

China is the top country producing Green beans in the world. As of 2022, China produced 18,059,528 tonnes of Green Bean, accounting for 77.37% of the total production. Indonesia is the world's second-largest Green Bean producer, with 923,024 tonnes, which represents 3.95% of the total production. In terms of Green Bean yield, Cyprus is the most productive country on the planet with 294,000. India, Türkiye, and France are the top three leading countries with '676,478', '519,713', '378,020', and '283,703' tonnes respectively. Luxembourg has the lowest production of Green beans in the world with only 20 tonnes in 2022. The world's total production of green beans was estimated at 23,340,914 tonnes in 2022.

Source: FAOSTAT

Top 10 Countries by Green Bean Production in 2022

Top Countries by Production of Green Bean in 2022

Rank Country production(Tonnes) acreage(Hectare) Yield
1
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China
18,059,528674,228267,855
2
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Indonesia
923,024121,72675,828
3
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India
676,478238,57728,355
4
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Türkiye
519,71338,719134,227
5
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France
378,02031,490120,044
6
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Thailand
283,703164,00717,298
7
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Egypt
269,50026,95599,982
8
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Morocco
233,9839,671241,942
9
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Bangladesh
170,00023,00073,913
10
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Sri Lanka
155,48216,67093,271
11
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Italy
147,40015,75093,587
12
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Spain
134,1007,270184,457
13
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Mexico
105,19710,476100,417
14
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Algeria
91,30912,97270,389
15
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Belgium
69,2607,63090,773
16
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Poland
67,5007,10095,070
17
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Iran (Islamic Republic of)
65,2578,35378,125
18
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Netherlands
53,0204,020131,891
19
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Canada
48,2548,26858,362
20
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Chile
47,2852,682176,288
21
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Guatemala
45,9094,431103,619
22
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Kenya
45,4264,060111,890
23
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Germany
43,8804,53096,865
24
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Australia
40,0277,76651,544
25
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Greece
36,1803,120115,962
26
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Syrian Arab Republic
35,9194,52279,432
27
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Tajikistan
34,8024,99669,662
28
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Pakistan
31,6523,84782,277
29
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Niger
30,7279,24833,224
30
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United States of America
30,4099,23032,947
31
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Serbia
30,33916,82318,034
32
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Ghana
25,2902,457102,915
33
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Ecuador
24,2739,06326,782
34
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United Kingdom
23,7863,88861,175
35
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South Africa
20,7613,48959,512
36
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Saudi Arabia
20,4795,97634,269
37
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Senegal
20,3001,467138,386
38
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Jordan
18,913713265,138
39
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Lebanon
16,3992,20074,541
40
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Peru
15,7675,12330,777
41
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Philippines
14,3313,02347,404
42
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Taiwan
13,6702,15563,448
43
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Portugal
13,5301,030131,359
44
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Albania
13,2031,014130,233
45
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Romania
12,0103,03039,637
46
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New Zealand
11,1611,043107,010
47
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North Macedonia
10,83911,8949,113
48
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Hungary
9,7701,00097,700
49
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Burkina Faso
9,721723134,397
50
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Switzerland
9,4941,19179,715
51
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Guyana
8,90292995,827
52
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Rwanda
7,23499173,027
53
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Kyrgyzstan
7,2281,88238,417
54
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Ethiopia
6,8981,71240,294
55
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Uzbekistan
6,824556122,825
56
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Israel
6,012460130,762
57
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Mali
5,45655897,778
58
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The United Republic of Tanzania
5,3581,08449,445
59
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Austria
5,0801,05048,381
60
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Côte d'Ivoire
4,9761,67529,700
61
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Democratic Republic of the Congo
4,7151,06044,492
62
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Congo
4,3441,08939,897
63
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Cameroon
4,21980252,607
64
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Palestine
3,926215182,931
65
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Timor-Leste
3,8865,7656,741
66
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Bosnia and Herzegovina
3,57885441,897
67
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Zimbabwe
3,5401,00035,395
68
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Argentina
3,3351,35424,638
69
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Yemen
3,28544473,928
70
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Iraq
3,21752361,536
71
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Ukraine
2,713137197,731
72
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Kazakhstan
2,5581,19221,466
73
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Kuwait
2,11895223,711
74
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Bulgaria
1,940180107,778
75
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Republic of Moldova
1,66732351,564
76
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Mauritius
1,55924663,374
77
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Bhutan
1,53364623,746
78
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Cyprus
1,47050294,000
79
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Slovenia
1,41037038,108
80
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Bolivia (Plurinational State of)
1,30047327,496
81
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Malta
1,280--
82
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United Arab Emirates
1,26094134,507
83
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Croatia
1,24027045,926
84
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Norway
1,12114577,309
85
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Uruguay
1,11034432,301
86
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Madagascar
1,04844723,432
87
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South Sudan
1,01123542,954
88
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Tunisia
91530729,781
89
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Montenegro
85741620,621
90
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Suriname
48332150,602
91
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Costa Rica
4574599,955
92
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Sao Tome and Principe
4325578,699
93
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Sudan
3716260,062
94
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Lithuania
32018017,778
95
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Hong Kong
3043293,640
96
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Sweden
29011026,364
97
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Nepal
2428927,080
98
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Puerto Rico
22310720,742
99
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Belize
21710321,089
100
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Papua New Guinea
1415525,767
101
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Qatar
1368815,469
102
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Antigua and Barbuda
1052640,394
103
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Finland
705014,000
104
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Luxembourg
20--

Cultivation of Green Bean

Green beans, also known as snap beans or string beans, are warm-season crops that grow best in temperate climates with moderate temperatures and moist soils. Ideal growing conditions for green beans include:

  1. Temperature: Green beans prefer temperatures between 60-85°F (15-29°C). They will not grow well in temperatures above 90°F (32°C) or below 50°F (10°C).
  2. Soil: Green beans prefer well-drained, moist soil with a pH between 6.0-6.8. They will not grow well in heavy clay soils that retain too much moisture or in sandy soils that drain too quickly.
  3. Sunlight: Green beans need at least 6-8 hours of full sun exposure per day to grow well. They will not grow well in areas with heavy shade or in areas with limited sunlight exposure.
  4. Moisture: Green beans prefer consistent moisture levels and do not tolerate drought well. They should be watered regularly to prevent the soil from becoming too dry.
  5. Growing Season: Green beans are a warm-season crop and prefer to grow during the spring and summer months when temperatures are mild and soil moisture levels are high.

In general, green beans are well-suited for growing in temperate climates with moderate temperatures and moist soils. They are also well-suited for growing in raised beds or containers, making them a good choice for urban gardeners or those with limited garden space.

Health Benefits of Green Bean

Green beans are a nutritious vegetable that offers many health benefits. Here are some of the most significant health benefits of green beans:

  1. Rich in Nutrients: Green beans are an excellent source of vitamins and minerals, including vitamin C, vitamin K, vitamin A, folate, iron, and manganese.
  2. High in Fiber: Green beans are high in fiber, which can help promote digestive health, prevent constipation, and reduce the risk of colon cancer.
  3. Low in Calories: Green beans are a low-calorie food, making them an ideal choice for people who are trying to lose weight or maintain a healthy weight.
  4. Antioxidant Properties: Green beans contain antioxidants like flavonoids and carotenoids, which can help protect the body from damage caused by free radicals and reduce the risk of chronic diseases like cancer and heart disease.
  5. Blood Sugar Control: Green beans are low in carbohydrates and have a low glycemic index, which means they can help regulate blood sugar levels and reduce the risk of type 2 diabetes.
  6. Anti-Inflammatory Properties: Green beans contain anti-inflammatory compounds like quercetin and kaempferol, which can help reduce inflammation in the body and alleviate symptoms of inflammatory conditions like arthritis.

Overall, green beans are a healthy and nutritious vegetable that can offer a wide range of health benefits when included in a balanced diet.

Nutritional Information of Green Bean

Green beans, also known as snap beans or string beans, are nutritious and low-calorie vegetables. A 100-gram serving of raw green beans contains approximately:

  • 33 calories.
  • 7 grams of carbohydrates.
  • 2 grams of fiber.
  • 2 grams of protein.
  • 0 grams of fat.

Green beans are also a good source of several vitamins and minerals, including:

  1. Vitamin C: A powerful antioxidant that helps to protect cells from damage and supports a healthy immune system.
  2. Vitamin K: A nutrient that is important for blood clotting and maintaining strong bones.
  3. Folate : A-B vitamin that is important for cell growth and development.
  4. Potassium: A mineral that helps to regulate blood pressure and support a healthy heart.
  5. Manganese: A mineral that is important for healthy bone development and wound healing.

Green beans are also low in fat and high in fiber, making them a healthy addition to many dishes. They are a good source of plant-based protein, making them a suitable food choice for vegetarians and vegans.

Structure of Green Bean.

Green beans, also known as snap beans or string beans, are the immature, edible pods of the common bean plant (Phaseolus vulgaris). The structure of a green bean consists of several parts, including:

  1. Pod: The pod is the outer layer of the green bean and is typically green and smooth. It is edible and contains seeds.
  2. Seeds: The seeds are located inside the pod and are what will eventually grow into new bean plants.
  3. Seed coat: The seed coat is the outer layer of the seed and helps to protect the developing plant.
  4. Cotyledons: The cotyledons are the first leaves of the developing plant and contain stored food for the new plant.
  5. Embryo: The embryo is the developing plant inside the seed and will eventually grow into a new bean plant.
  6. Radicle: The radicle is the first root of the developing plant and will eventually grow down into the soil to anchor the plant and absorb water and nutrients.

Typically, green beans are picked before the seeds have fully matured while the pods are still young and fragile. They are healthy and adaptable vegetables that may be prepared in several different ways, such as roasting, boiling, steaming, and stir-frying.

Uses of Green Bean.

Green beans, also known as snap beans or string beans, are versatile vegetables with many uses in cooking and baking. Some common uses of green beans include:

  1. Side dishes: Green beans can be steamed, boiled, or roasted and served as a side dish with main course meals.
  2. Casseroles: Green beans can be added to casseroles and baked dishes for flavor and nutrition.
  3. Salads: Green beans can be added to salads for a crunchy texture and a burst of flavor.
  4. Stir-fries: Green beans can be stir-fried with other vegetables and meats for a healthy and flavorful dish.
  5. Snacks: Green beans can be enjoyed raw as a snack, or roasted and salted for a crunchy treat.
  6. Soups and stews: Green beans can be added to soups and stews to add flavor, texture, and nutrition.
  7. Pickling: Green beans can be pickled and preserved for later use.

Green beans are a good source of vitamins and minerals, including vitamin C, vitamin K, and potassium. They are also low in calories and high in fiber, making them a healthy addition to many dishes.