Green Chili pepper

What is Green Chili pepper?

Green chili pepper is a type of chili pepper that is harvested when it is still immature and unripe. It is usually green in color, with a slightly shiny, smooth surface, and a curved shape that tapers to a pointed end. The spiciness level of green chili pepper can vary depending on the variety, but it is generally considered to be milder than red chili pepper. Green chili pepper is a staple ingredient in many cuisines around the world, especially in South and Central America, Mexico, and Southeast Asia.

Green chili pepper belongs to the Capsicum genus and is related to other types of chili peppers, such as red chili pepper, jalapeño, and habanero. Like other members of the Capsicum family, green chili pepper contains a compound called capsaicin, which is responsible for its spicy taste and may have health benefits. However, the concentration of capsaicin in green chili pepper is lower than in red chili pepper, which makes it a good choice for those who want to add some heat to their dishes without overwhelming their taste buds.

In addition to its culinary uses, green chili pepper is also sometimes used in traditional medicine for its potential health benefits. For example, it is believed to have antioxidant, anti-inflammatory, and pain-relieving properties. However, more research is needed to confirm these benefits and to determine the optimal dosage and method of administration. Overall, green chili pepper is a versatile and flavorful ingredient that can add a spicy kick to a variety of dishes.

Green Chili pepper Production in the World

China is the top country producing Green Chili pepper in the world. As of 2022, China produced 16,810,519 tonnes of Green Chili pepper, accounting for 45.47% of the total production. Mexico is the world's second-largest Green Chili pepper producer, with 3,113,244 tonnes, which represents 8.42% of the total production. In terms of Green Chili pepper yield, Belgium is the most productive country on the planet with 2,700,000. Indonesia, Türkiye, and Spain are the top three leading countries with '3,020,262', '3,018,775', '1,533,280', and '770,684' tonnes respectively. The Cook Islands has the lowest production of Green Chili pepper in the world with only 1 tonne in 2022. The world's total production of green chili peppers was estimated at 36,972,493 tonnes in 2022.

Source: FAOSTAT

Top 10 Countries by Green Chili pepper Production in 2022

Top Countries by Production of Green Chili pepper in 2022

Rank Country production(Tonnes) acreage(Hectare) Yield
1
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China
16,810,519757,377221,957
2
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Mexico
3,113,244156,718198,653
3
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Indonesia
3,020,262334,54590,280
4
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Türkiye
3,018,77576,398395,138
5
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Spain
1,533,28022,260688,805
6
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Nigeria
770,684103,66174,347
7
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Egypt
681,14938,622176,365
8
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United States of America
551,25116,511333,869
9
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Algeria
486,63614,843327,847
10
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Netherlands
435,0001,6502,636,364
11
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Tunisia
425,00017,266246,154
12
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Poland
376,0002,7001,392,593
13
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Kazakhstan
320,65912,777250,964
14
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Morocco
273,6095,472500,016
15
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Niger
271,07813,116206,679
16
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Republic of Korea
254,60436,31070,120
17
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North Macedonia
237,6249,733244,143
18
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Italy
232,6809,390247,796
19
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Peru
211,44012,128174,340
20
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Venezuela (Bolivarian Republic of)
154,78811,129139,081
21
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Argentina
153,4586,377240,659
22
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Japan
150,0003,170473,186
23
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Serbia
144,06110,186141,430
24
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Greece
135,8102,900468,310
25
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Benin
133,41237,46735,608
26
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Saudi Arabia
119,7803,167378,213
27
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Ghana
119,59914,44182,820
28
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Israel
117,8451,830643,999
29
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Ukraine
116,71011,000106,100
30
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Romania
105,2109,110115,488
31
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Nepal
101,04910,71494,315
32
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Jordan
100,4972,180461,091
33
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Albania
97,0183,148308,188
34
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Iran (Islamic Republic of)
93,7646,442145,558
35
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Oman
93,4188521,096,224
36
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Colombia
89,1697,729115,368
37
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Sri Lanka
89,13515,11258,983
38
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Hungary
84,9901,400607,071
39
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Guatemala
79,5493,205248,180
40
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Syrian Arab Republic
78,7045,220150,774
41
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India
74,2928,71485,261
42
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Canada
68,8462,352292,713
43
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Uzbekistan
68,109897759,044
44
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Cuba
65,24514,35545,450
45
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Ethiopia
59,55810,77755,263
46
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Sierra Leone
59,21723,83624,843
47
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Australia
55,5702,399231,607
48
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Cameroon
55,18325,80521,384
49
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Dominican Republic
53,9628,02167,275
50
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Chile
53,269832640,148
51
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Azerbaijan
49,1933,474141,621
52
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Democratic People's Republic of Korea
48,42222,45221,567
53
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Bulgaria
46,7902,340199,957
54
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Iraq
43,9045,06886,630
55
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Portugal
41,2801,060389,434
56
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Malaysia
39,1773,94999,207
57
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Sudan
36,7885,07972,438
58
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Belgium
35,1001302,700,000
59
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Honduras
34,406994346,074
60
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Libya
29,0961,526190,716
61
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Côte d'Ivoire
27,8514,14767,160
62
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Philippines
27,5195,30851,849
63
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Taiwan
26,8862,440110,209
64
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France
26,4401,400188,857
65
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Mali
25,1408,87828,317
66
Flag
Jamaica
24,2401,572154,198
67
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Nicaragua
22,116818270,434
68
Flag
Bosnia and Herzegovina
22,1131,701130,000
69
Flag
Palestine
21,917667328,821
70
Flag
Thailand
19,2681,408136,865
71
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United Kingdom
18,260832,200,000
72
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Yemen
18,2233,24056,251
73
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Lao People's Democratic Republic
17,40110,70116,261
74
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Germany
16,9501101,540,909
75
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The United Republic of Tanzania
15,816576274,775
76
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El Salvador
14,685266551,164
77
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Kuwait
14,274291489,779
78
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Republic of Moldova
13,8002,00069,000
79
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Uruguay
13,420214626,393
80
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Austria
12,770140912,143
81
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Guyana
12,574151830,320
82
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Czechia
12,070300402,333
83
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Bolivia (Plurinational State of)
11,8634,07829,089
84
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Kenya
11,7301,39484,132
85
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Paraguay
9,896849116,560
86
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Lebanon
9,17197993,663
87
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Burkina Faso
8,7801,68452,143
88
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Ecuador
8,6652,24038,689
89
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Kyrgyzstan
8,407670125,505
90
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Croatia
7,910660119,848
91
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Georgia
7,60091583,070
92
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Panama
7,404387191,483
93
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Rwanda
6,9462,15632,212
94
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United Arab Emirates
5,941152390,686
95
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Bhutan
5,5571,38240,198
96
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Qatar
4,763114418,377
97
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Montenegro
3,605142254,627
98
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Zimbabwe
3,52282542,709
99
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New Zealand
3,25945724,325
100
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Slovenia
3,250190171,053
101
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Mauritius
2,95934386,268
102
Flag
Fiji
2,226180124,000
103
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Puerto Rico
2,05598020,966
104
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Slovakia
1,86090206,667
105
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Malawi
1,55538740,234
106
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Finland
1,340101,340,000
107
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Trinidad and Tobago
1,16734334,023
108
Flag
South Africa
1,12113285,034
109
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Namibia
96595101,755
110
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Bahrain
96219518,605
111
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Cyprus
94030313,333
112
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Switzerland
71918399,444
113
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Dominica
7189476,479
114
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Costa Rica
58418531,558
115
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Madagascar
5207866,933
116
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Saint Vincent and the Grenadines
50536141,514
117
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Brunei Darussalam
4027752,210
118
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Belize
3263690,556
119
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Barbados
22614156,191
120
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French Polynesia
1761990,545
121
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Antigua and Barbuda
822138,684
122
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Saint Kitts and Nevis
821176,897
123
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Sweden
50--
124
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Gabon
482419,853
125
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Djibouti
17270,433
126
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Sao Tome and Principe
14528,639
127
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Maldives
4133,561
128
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Cook Islands
1-77,597

Health Benefits of Green Chili pepper

Green chili pepper offers a range of potential health benefits, thanks to its high nutrient content and the presence of active compounds such as capsaicin.

Here are some of the health benefits associated with consuming green chili pepper:

  1. May aid weight loss: Green chili pepper is low in calories and rich in fiber, which can help you feel full and satisfied after eating. Capsaicin in green chili pepper may also boost metabolism and increase fat burning.
  2. May reduce inflammation: The capsaicin in green chili pepper has been shown to have anti-inflammatory properties, which may help reduce inflammation in the body and alleviate symptoms of inflammatory conditions such as arthritis.
  3. May boost immunity: Green chili pepper is a rich source of vitamin C, which is important for immune function. It also contains antioxidants that may help protect the body against oxidative stress and damage.
  4. May improve heart health: Green chili pepper may help lower blood pressure and cholesterol levels, which can reduce the risk of heart disease. Capsaicin in green chili pepper may also help improve blood flow and prevent the formation of blood clots.
  5. May have anti-cancer properties: Some studies have suggested that capsaicin in green chili pepper may have anti-cancer properties, particularly in reducing the growth of certain types of cancer cells.

It's important to note that while green chili pepper offers potential health benefits, consuming too much of it can cause digestive discomfort or other adverse effects. As with any food, moderation is key.

Types of Green Chili pepper

There are various types of green chili peppers available, each with its unique flavor and heat level. Here are some popular varieties:

  1. Jalapeño: Jalapeños are one of the most commonly used chili peppers. They have a medium heat level and a slightly sweet and tangy flavor. They are often used in Mexican and Southwestern cuisines.
  2. Serrano: Serrano peppers are similar in heat to jalapeños but are slightly hotter. They have a bright and crisp flavor with a hint of fruitiness. Serranos are commonly used in salsas, sauces, and marinades.
  3. Anaheim: Anaheim peppers are mild to moderately hot. They have a slightly sweet taste and are often used in roasting, stuffing, or making green chili sauces. When dried, they are known as New Mexico chilies.
  4. Poblano: Poblanos have a mild to medium heat level. They are large, dark green peppers with a rich, earthy flavor. Poblanos are frequently used in Mexican cuisine, particularly in dishes like chiles rellenos.
  5. Hatch: Hatch chilies are a type of New Mexico chili pepper. They have varying heat levels, ranging from mild to hot, depending on the variety. Hatch chilies are known for their smoky and slightly sweet flavor. They are often roasted and used in various dishes.
  6. Thai Green Chili: Thai green chilies are small and very hot. They have a vibrant, fiery flavor and are commonly used in Thai and Southeast Asian cuisines. They add intense heat to dishes like curries, stir-fries, and sauces.
  7. Cubanelle: Cubanelle peppers are mild and sweet with a subtle heat. They have thin skin and are often used in Mediterranean and Latin American cooking. Cubanelles are great for frying, stuffing, or adding a touch of mild heat to dishes.

These are just a few examples of green chili peppers, and there are many more varieties available, each with its unique characteristics. The heat level can vary even within the same type of chili pepper, so it's always a good idea to taste and adjust accordingly when cooking with them.

Uses of Green Chili pepper

Green chili pepper is a versatile ingredient that can be used in a variety of dishes to add flavor and spiciness. Here are some common uses of green chili pepper:

  1. Culinary uses: Green chili pepper is often used in Mexican, South American, and Southeast Asian cuisines, where it is added to soups, stews, sauces, and marinades. It can also be used to make salsa, guacamole, and other dips.
  2. Pickling: Green chili pepper can be pickled in vinegar and used as a condiment or added to sandwiches and burgers for an extra kick.
  3. Infused oils: Green chili pepper can be used to infuse oil with a spicy flavor. This oil can be used in cooking or as a dressing for salads.
  4. Garnish: Sliced or chopped green chili pepper can be used as a garnish for soups, stews, curries, and other dishes to add color and spiciness.
  5. Traditional medicine: In some cultures, green chili pepper is used in traditional medicine to alleviate pain, boost immunity, and treat digestive issues.

These are just a few examples of the many uses of green chili pepper. It's important to note that the spiciness level of green chili pepper can vary, so it's important to use it in moderation and according to personal taste.