Condensed Milk

What is Condensed Milk?

Condensed milk is a thick, creamy, and sweet dairy product that is commonly used in baking and dessert recipes. It is made by removing most of the water content from milk and then adding sugar to create a thick, syrupy consistency. The process of making condensed milk involves heating the milk and sugar mixture until the sugar dissolves and the milk reduces to about one-third of its original volume. This concentration of milk and sugar creates a product with a long shelf life that is ideal for cooking and baking.

The history of condensed milk dates back to the early 1800s when it was invented as a way to preserve milk for longer periods. The process of condensing milk was first developed by the Frenchman Nicolas Appert in 1820, but it was not until the mid-19th century that it became widely used. In 1856, the American businessman Gail Borden patented a method for producing condensed milk in the United States. Borden's condensed milk quickly became popular with soldiers during the Civil War, as it was a convenient and nutritious food that did not spoil easily.

Condensed milk has a rich and creamy flavor that makes it a popular ingredient in many dessert recipes. It is commonly used in pies, puddings, and ice cream, and is often used as a sweetener for coffee and tea. The thick and sticky consistency of condensed milk also makes it a great binding agent for cookies and cakes. Condensed milk is a versatile ingredient that can be used in a wide range of sweet dishes, and its long shelf life makes it a convenient pantry staple for home cooks and bakers.

Overall, condensed milk is a delicious and versatile ingredient that has been used for centuries in a variety of culinary applications. Its unique production process and long shelf life make it a valuable ingredient for home cooks and bakers, and its rich, creamy flavor adds a touch of decadence to any dish. Whether used as a sweetener, binding agent, or base for desserts, condensed milk is a beloved ingredient that has become a staple in many kitchens around the world.

Condensed Milk Production in the World.

Malaysia is the top country producing Condensed Milk in the world. As of 2021, Malaysia produced 317,206 tonnes of Condensed Milk, accounting for 19.30% of the total production. Germany is the world's second-largest Condensed Milk producer, with 305,200 tonnes, which represents 18.57% of the total production. Ireland(100,200) is the 3rd country, Saudi Arabia(95,659) is the 4th country, and Belgium(77,070) is the 5th country in the world producing Condensed Milk. Argentina has the lowest production of Condensed Milk in the world with only 113 tonnes in 2021. The world's total production of condensed milk was estimated at 1,643,139 tonnes in 2021.

Source: FAOSTAT

Top 10 countries by Condensed Milk Production in 2021

Top Countries by Production of Condensed Milk in 2021

Rank Country production(Tonnes)
1
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Malaysia
317,206
2
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Germany
305,200
3
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Ireland
100,200
4
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Saudi Arabia
95,659
5
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Belgium
77,070
6
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United States of America
76,805
7
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Brazil
65,381
8
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Mexico
64,878
9
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Belarus
63,766
10
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Spain
61,890
11
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Singapore
60,000
12
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France
46,110
13
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Chile
40,588
14
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Vietnam
35,044
15
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Poland
31,780
16
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Thailand
30,000
17
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Kyrgyzstan
21,668
18
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Australia
19,785
19
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China
16,626
20
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Ukraine
12,230
21
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Canada
10,593
22
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Austria
10,350
23
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Czechia
10,260
24
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Sri Lanka
9,818
25
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Republic of Korea
8,005
26
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South Africa
7,601
27
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Italy
4,952
28
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Türkiye
4,064
29
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Lithuania
4,000
30
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Colombia
3,168
31
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New Zealand
3,077
32
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Sweden
2,870
33
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Pakistan
2,376
34
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Serbia
2,172
35
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Latvia
2,015
36
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Panama
1,770
37
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Peru
1,711
38
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Romania
1,454
39
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Taiwan
1,443
40
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Honduras
1,199
41
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Kenya
951
42
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Greece
840
43
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Norway
793
44
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Venezuela (Bolivarian Republic of)
793
45
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Zimbabwe
744
46
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India
718
47
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Bosnia and Herzegovina
694
48
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Jamaica
646
49
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Madagascar
611
50
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Russian Federation
440
51
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Iran (Islamic Republic of)
353
52
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Uganda
229
53
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Croatia
217
54
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Trinidad and Tobago
213
55
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Argentina
113

Process of Making Condensed Milk

The process of making condensed milk starts with heating milk in large vats or tanks. The milk is heated to a temperature between 85-90°C to kill any bacteria and to evaporate the water content. The heat is then reduced to 50°C, and sugar is added to the milk while stirring continuously. The ratio of sugar to milk varies depending on the desired sweetness and viscosity of the final product.

The mixture of milk and sugar is heated again to dissolve the sugar completely. The sugar acts as a preservative and helps to extend the shelf life of the condensed milk. The mixture is heated until it reaches a temperature between 60-65°C, and the water continues to evaporate, resulting in a thicker consistency.

The condensed milk is then homogenized to ensure the mixture is smooth and uniform in texture. The homogenization process breaks down any large fat globules present in the milk and creates a creamy texture. The mixture is then pasteurized to kill any bacteria and to ensure it is safe to consume.

Finally, the condensed milk is cooled, packaged, and stored in a cool, dry place until ready to use. The packaging material used should be able to protect the contents from light, moisture, and air as these can cause the condensed milk to spoil. The end product is a thick, creamy, and sweet dairy product that can be used in a variety of recipes.

Health Benefits of Condensed Milk

Condensed milk is a high-calorie and high-sugar product, which makes it a less healthy food option than other dairy products like milk or yogurt. However, it does offer some health benefits, which are as follows:

  1. Good source of calcium: Produced from milk, which is an abundant source of calcium, condensed milk contains this vital mineral that helps in maintaining healthy teeth and bones while also contributing to the proper functioning of muscles and nerves.
  2. Provides energy: Being a calorie-dense food, condensed milk provides a good source of energy and proves to be especially beneficial for those who need to gain weight, such as individuals in recovery from illness or surgery.
  3. Boosts immunity: Packed with essential vitamins and minerals like vitamin A and zinc, condensed milk constitutes a rich source of nutrients that contribute to a healthy immune system. The bolstered immunity helps in shielding the body from various illnesses and diseases.
  4. Enhances the flavor of food: A popular ingredient in desserts and baked goods, condensed milk is frequently utilized to intensify its taste and texture. Incorporating condensed milk into recipes can also result in a reduction in the required amount of sugar, which, in turn, helps to reduce the overall calorie count of the dish.
  5. Contains protein: With a moderate quantity of protein, condensed milk is an excellent source of nutrient that aids in muscle growth and repair. Additionally, the presence of protein also contributes to a feeling of fullness and satiety, potentially preventing overeating.

While condensed milk does offer some health benefits, it is important to consume it in moderation due to its high sugar and calorie content. Incorporating it into a healthy, balanced diet can be a good way to enjoy its flavor and reap its nutritional benefits without overindulging.

Nutritional Information of Condensed Milk

The nutritional values of condensed milk can vary depending on the brand and whether it is sweetened or unsweetened. However, on average, the following are the approximate nutritional values of condensed milk per 100 grams:

  • Calories: 321 kcal
  • Protein: 7.91 g
  • Fat: 8.63 g
  • Carbohydrates: 54.43 g
  • Sugar: 54.43 g
  • Calcium: 286 mg
  • Iron: 0.18 mg
  • Potassium: 332 mg
  • Sodium: 130 mg
  • Vitamin A: 210 IU

It is important to note that the high calorie and sugar content of condensed milk means it should be consumed in moderation as part of a balanced diet.

Types of Condensed Milk

There are two main types of condensed milk: sweetened condensed milk and unsweetened condensed milk.

  1. Sweetened condensed milk: This type of condensed milk is made by adding sugar to the milk during the heating and evaporation process. It is a thick, creamy, and sweet product that is commonly used in desserts, baking, and coffee or tea.
  2. Unsweetened condensed milk: This type of condensed milk is made without adding sugar, resulting in a thicker, creamier version of regular milk. It is often used in savory dishes such as soups, sauces, and curries, as well as in coffee or tea for a creamier texture.

Additionally, there are variations of condensed milk that are specific to certain cultures or regions. For example, in Southeast Asia, there is a type of condensed milk called "evaporated milk" that is similar to unsweetened condensed milk but with a slightly thinner consistency. In South America, "dulce de leche" is a caramel-like spread made by cooking sweetened condensed milk for an extended period.

Overall, the type of condensed milk used in a recipe will depend on the desired level of sweetness and consistency needed to achieve the desired flavor and texture.

Uses of Condensed Milk

Condensed milk is a versatile ingredient that can be used in a wide range of recipes, both sweet and savory. Here are some common uses of condensed milk:

  1. Desserts: Sweetened condensed milk is often used in desserts such as pies, puddings, and ice creams. It adds a rich, creamy texture and a sweet flavor to these treats.
  2. Baking: Condensed milk can be used in baking recipes such as cakes, cookies, and brownies. It can be used as a substitute for sugar, milk, or cream, and can help to create a moist and tender crumb.
  3. Beverages: Condensed milk is often added to coffee or tea as a sweetener and creamer. It can also be used to make hot chocolate, milkshakes, and smoothies.
  4. Sauces: Unsweetened condensed milk can be used in savory dishes such as sauces, soups, and curries. It adds a creamy texture and can help to thicken the sauce.
  5. Caramel: Sweetened condensed milk can be used to make a caramel sauce by heating the milk with sugar until it turns golden brown and thick.
  6. Preserving: In some cultures, condensed milk is used as a preserving agent for fruits and vegetables. It can help to extend the shelf life of these foods and add a sweet flavor.

Overall, condensed milk is a versatile ingredient that can be used in a variety of ways to add flavor and texture to dishes.