Dry skimmed milk


What is Dry skimmed milk?

Dry skimmed milk, also known as nonfat dry milk or skim milk powder, is a type of milk that has had all of its cream and fat removed. The milk is first pasteurized and then evaporated to remove most of the water content. The resulting dry powder has a shelf life of several months and can be reconstituted with water to create liquid milk.

Dry skimmed milk is often used in food manufacturing and baking, as it has a longer shelf life and can be easily transported and stored. It is also a popular choice for people who are watching their calorie and fat intake, as it has a much lower fat content compared to whole milk.

In addition to its use in food products, dry skimmed milk can also be used as a protein supplement and is a common ingredient in sports and nutrition drinks. It is a good source of protein, calcium, and other essential vitamins and minerals.

Dry skimmed milk Production in the World

The United States of America is the top country producing Dry Skimmed Milk in the world. As of 2021, the United States of America produced 1,249,000 tonnes of Dry Skimmed Milk, accounting for 27.41% of the total production. Germany is the world's second-largest Dry Skimmed Milk producer, with 352,800 tonnes, which represents 7.74% of the total production. India(333,487) is the 3rd country, New Zealand(330,000) is the 4th country, and France(326,760) is the 5th country in the world producing Dry Skimmed Milk. Bosnia and Herzegovina has the lowest production of Dry Skimmed Milk in the world with only 71 tonnes in 2021. The world's total production of dry skimmed milk was estimated at 4,556,615 tonnes in 2021.

Source: FAOSTAT

Top 10 Countries by Dry skimmed milk Production in 2021

Top Countries by Production of Dry skimmed milk in 2021

Rank Country production(Tonnes)
1
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United States of America
1,249,000
2
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Germany
352,800
3
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India
333,487
4
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New Zealand
330,000
5
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France
326,760
6
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Belgium
154,820
7
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Australia
153,741
8
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Poland
153,180
9
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Italy
152,912
10
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Ireland
150,000
11
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Belarus
119,500
12
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Japan
119,222
13
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United Kingdom
104,457
14
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Ukraine
86,557
15
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Canada
85,267
16
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Netherlands
73,060
17
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Finland
62,805
18
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Türkiye
61,000
19
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Argentina
54,930
20
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Russian Federation
51,468
21
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Denmark
41,200
22
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Republic of Korea
37,175
23
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Sweden
36,660
24
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Portugal
25,940
25
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Switzerland
23,506
26
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Uruguay
22,300
27
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Lithuania
21,000
28
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Spain
20,320
29
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Czechia
18,010
30
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Norway
17,297
31
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Slovakia
16,719
32
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Iran (Islamic Republic of)
15,979
33
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Chile
14,318
34
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Estonia
11,158
35
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Austria
6,978
36
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Mexico
6,222
37
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Kyrgyzstan
6,161
38
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Israel
5,515
39
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Uganda
5,500
40
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Serbia
3,601
41
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South Africa
3,546
42
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Kenya
3,174
43
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Guatemala
3,097
44
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Slovenia
2,514
45
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Bolivia (Plurinational State of)
1,962
46
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Costa Rica
1,689
47
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Latvia
1,451
48
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El Salvador
1,354
49
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Iceland
1,350
50
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Romania
1,300
51
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Zimbabwe
1,051
52
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Hungary
1,015
53
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Kazakhstan
931
54
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Croatia
812
55
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Venezuela (Bolivarian Republic of)
436
56
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Honduras
176
57
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Republic of Moldova
161
58
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Bosnia and Herzegovina
71

Process of Making Dry skimmed milk

The process of making dry skimmed milk involves several steps. Here is a general overview of the process:

Milk is first pasteurized to kill any harmful bacteria that may be present.

The milk is then placed in an evaporator, which uses heat and vacuum pressure to remove most of the water content. This process is known as evaporation.

Once the milk has been evaporated to the desired concentration, it is then sprayed into a heated chamber. This process is called spray drying, and it involves spraying the concentrated milk into a hot chamber, which causes the remaining water to evaporate quickly.

As the milk droplets fall through the hot air, they dry and solidify into tiny powder particles.

The dry milk powder is then collected and packaged for use.

During the process, the cream and fat are separated from the milk and removed. This results in a final product that is very low in fat and has a longer shelf life than liquid milk. The dry skimmed milk can be reconstituted with water to make liquid milk for drinking or use in recipes.

Health Benefits of Dry skimmed milk

Dry skimmed milk offers several health benefits, including:

  1. Low in fat: Dry skimmed milk is a product that is produced by extracting the fat content from milk, which results in a considerably low-fat product. This quality of dry skimmed milk makes it a suitable option for individuals who aim to reduce their total fat consumption.
  2. High in protein: Dry skimmed milk is a good source of protein, which is essential for building and repairing tissues in the body. It contains all of the essential amino acids needed for optimal health.
  3. Source of calcium: Dry skimmed milk is a good source of calcium, which is essential for healthy bones and teeth. Calcium is also important for muscle function, nerve transmission, and blood clotting.
  4. Source of vitamins and minerals: Dry skimmed milk is rich in several essential vitamins and minerals such as vitamin D, vitamin B12, potassium, and phosphorus, which are crucial for various bodily functions, including sustaining a robust immune system, nerve function, and energy metabolism.
  5. May help with weight management: The fact that dry skimmed milk has low fat content and high protein content enables it to trigger a sensation of satiety, thus aiding weight management.
  6. May reduce the risk of certain diseases: Incorporating dry skimmed milk into a balanced and wholesome diet can potentially lower the chances of developing specific illnesses, including osteoporosis, hypertension, and type 2 diabetes.

Overall, dry skimmed milk is a nutritious and low-fat dairy product that offers several health benefits. However, it is important to note that individuals who are lactose intolerant or have a milk allergy should avoid consuming it.

Nutritional Information of Dry skimmed milk

Here are the approximate nutrition facts for dry skimmed milk per 100 grams:

  • Calories: 358
  • Protein: 36.16 g
  • Fat: 0.49 g
  • Carbohydrates: 52.19 g
  • Fiber: 0 g
  • Sugar: 52.19 g
  • Calcium: 1253 mg
  • Iron: 0.08 mg
  • Magnesium: 119 mg
  • Phosphorus: 959 mg
  • Potassium: 1466 mg
  • Sodium: 446 mg
  • Vitamin C: 2.3 mg
  • Vitamin D: 0.7 µg
  • Vitamin B12: 2.5 µg

It is important to note that the nutritional values may vary slightly depending on the brand of dry skimmed milk and how it was processed. Additionally, these values are based on dry powder and not on reconstituted milk. When dry skimmed milk is reconstituted with water, the nutritional values will be different based on the amount of water added.

Types of Dry skimmed milk

There are a few different types of dry skimmed milk available, each with its unique properties and uses. Here are some of the most common types:

  1. High-heat skimmed milk powder: This type of dry skimmed milk is produced using a high-temperature process that gives it a longer shelf life and improved solubility. It is often used in food manufacturing and as a dairy ingredient in baked goods, dairy products, and beverages.
  2. Medium-heat skimmed milk powder: This type of dry skimmed milk is produced using a slightly lower temperature process than high-heat powder, which preserves more of the milk's natural flavor and aroma. It is often used in food manufacturing and as an ingredient in soups, sauces, and dressings.
  3. Low-heat skimmed milk powder: This type of dry skimmed milk is produced using a lower temperature process that preserves more of the milk's natural enzymes and protein structure. It is often used in infant formula, sports nutrition products, and as a nutritional supplement.
  4. Instant skimmed milk powder: This type of dry skimmed milk has been pre-hydrated and agglomerated, which makes it easier to dissolve in liquid without clumping. It is often used in instant beverages, such as hot chocolate and coffee creamers.
  5. Organic skimmed milk powder: This type of dry skimmed milk is produced from organic milk that comes from cows that have been raised without antibiotics, hormones, or genetically modified feed. It is often used in organic food products and as an ingredient in baby food and infant formula.

Each type of dry skimmed milk has its unique properties and benefits, and the type you choose will depend on your specific needs and intended use.

Uses of Dry skimmed milk

Dry skimmed milk has a variety of uses in both commercial food production and in-home cooking. Here are some common uses of dry skimmed milk:

  1. Baking: Dry skimmed milk can be used as a substitute for liquid milk in baking recipes, such as cakes, cookies, and bread. It can help to reduce the fat content of the recipe while still providing the same moisture and flavor.
  2. Beverages: Dry skimmed milk can be used as a base for hot chocolate mixes, coffee creamers, and other powdered drink mixes.
  3. Food manufacturing: Dry skimmed milk is often used as an ingredient in food manufacturing, such as in the production of processed foods, dairy products, and baked goods.
  4. Infant formula: Dry skimmed milk is a common ingredient in infant formula, as it provides a source of protein, vitamins, and minerals that are essential for a baby's growth and development.
  5. Nutritional supplements: Dry skimmed milk is sometimes used as an ingredient in protein powders and other nutritional supplements, as it is a good source of protein and other essential nutrients.
  6. Emergency food supply: Dry skimmed milk has a long shelf life, making it a common ingredient in emergency food supplies and food aid programs.
  7. Reconstituted milk: Dry skimmed milk can be reconstituted with water to make liquid milk for drinking or use in recipes.

These are just a few examples of the many uses of dry skimmed milk. Its versatility and long shelf life make it a convenient and economical ingredient in many different types of food products.