Coconut oil

What is Coconut oil?

Coconut oil is a type of vegetable oil that is extracted from the meat of mature coconuts. It has a high concentration of saturated fatty acids, particularly lauric acid, which gives it a solid texture at room temperature. Coconut oil is available in both refined and unrefined forms, with the unrefined version being more commonly known as virgin coconut oil.

Coconut oil has a wide range of uses, both in cooking and for health and beauty purposes. In cooking, it can be used as a substitute for other cooking oils, as well as in baking and frying. It has a high smoke point, making it suitable for high-heat cooking methods.

In addition to its use in cooking, coconut oil has become popular for its potential health benefits. Some studies suggest that coconut oil may help with weight loss, improve brain function, and even have antibacterial and antiviral properties. However, more research is needed to fully understand the potential benefits of coconut oil.

Coconut oil is also used in a variety of health and beauty products, including soaps, lotions, and hair care products. It is believed to have moisturizing and nourishing properties for the skin and hair.

Overall, coconut oil is a versatile oil with a wide range of potential uses and benefits. It is important to note, however, that like all oils, they should be consumed in moderation as part of a balanced diet.

Coconut oil Production in the World

The Philippines is the top country producing Coconut oil in the world. As of 2021, the Philippines produced 997,000 tonnes of Coconut oil, accounting for 36.90% of the total production. Indonesia is the world's second-largest Coconut oil producer, with 619,000 tonnes, which represents 22.91% of the total production. India(366,000) is the 3rd country, Vietnam(168,801) is the 4th country, and Mexico(132,300) is the 5th country in the world producing Coconut oil. Maldives has the lowest production of Coconut oil in the world with only 5 tonnes in 2021. The world's total production of coconut oil was estimated at 2,701,938 tonnes in 2021.

Source: FAOSTAT

Top 10 Countries by Coconut oil Production in 2021

Top Countries by Production of Coconut oil in 2021

Rank Country production(Tonnes)
1
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Philippines
997,000
2
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Indonesia
619,000
3
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India
366,000
4
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Vietnam
168,801
5
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Mexico
132,300
6
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Sri Lanka
58,400
7
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Malaysia
53,500
8
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Papua New Guinea
42,000
9
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Thailand
28,700
10
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Mozambique
27,700
11
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Bangladesh
23,800
12
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Côte d'Ivoire
16,400
13
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The United Republic of Tanzania
14,500
14
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Solomon Islands
12,100
15
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Vanuatu
12,000
16
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Brazil
11,053
17
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Venezuela (Bolivarian Republic of)
11,030
18
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Jamaica
10,822
19
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Cambodia
10,374
20
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Nigeria
9,315
21
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Dominican Republic
7,300
22
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Pakistan
6,700
23
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Tonga
6,600
24
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French Polynesia
6,056
25
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Kenya
6,000
26
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Ghana
6,000
27
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Guinea-Bissau
5,569
28
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Madagascar
4,515
29
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Micronesia (Federated States of)
4,000
30
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Fiji
3,600
31
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Kiribati
3,555
32
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Samoa
2,520
33
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Guinea
1,452
34
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Ecuador
1,368
35
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Equatorial Guinea
1,310
36
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Togo
1,304
37
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El Salvador
1,194
38
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Trinidad and Tobago
1,188
39
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Benin
1,143
40
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Timor-Leste
913
41
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Suriname
898
42
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Honduras
617
43
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Cameroon
521
44
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Saint Kitts and Nevis
504
45
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Grenada
430
46
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Hong Kong
323
47
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Republic of Korea
305
48
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Dominica
255
49
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Saint Lucia
250
50
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Costa Rica
232
51
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Saint Vincent and the Grenadines
189
52
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Nauru
60
53
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Nepal
49
54
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Colombia
35
55
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Tokelau
30
56
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Nicaragua
28
57
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New Caledonia
27
58
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Sao Tome and Principe
22
59
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Panama
22
60
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Tuvalu
20
61
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Cuba
20
62
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Seychelles
8
63
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Mauritius
6
64
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Maldives
5

Composition of Nutrients in Coconut oil

Coconut oil is primarily composed of saturated fatty acids, with over 90% of its fatty acids being saturated. The major fatty acid in coconut oil is lauric acid, which makes up about 40% to 50% of the total fatty acids. Other saturated fatty acids found in coconut oil include caprylic acid, capric acid, and myristic acid.

In addition to saturated fatty acids, coconut oil also contains small amounts of mono- and polyunsaturated fatty acids, as well as trace amounts of vitamins E and K. It is also a source of medium-chain triglycerides (MCTs), which are quickly metabolized by the body for energy.

The composition of coconut oil can vary depending on factors such as the type of coconut, processing methods, and storage conditions. For example, unrefined virgin coconut oil may contain more nutrients and have a stronger coconut flavor, while refined coconut oil may have a more neutral flavor and longer shelf life due to processing methods.

It is important to note that coconut oil is a high-calorie food, with about 120 calories per tablespoon. It should be consumed in moderation as part of a balanced diet.

Nutritional Information of Coconut oil

Here is an approximate breakdown of the nutritional information in coconut oil per 100 grams:

  • Calories: 862
  • Total fat: 100g
  • Saturated fat: 87g
  • Monounsaturated fat: 6g
  • Polyunsaturated fat: 2g
  • Vitamin E: 0.1mg (1% of the Daily Value)
  • Vitamin K: 0.5mcg (1% of the Daily Value)
  • No cholesterol, sodium, or carbohydrates

It's important to note that coconut oil is high in calories and saturated fat, which should be consumed in moderation as part of a balanced diet. For a 2,000-calorie diet, it is recommended by the American Heart Association to restrict the consumption of saturated fat to no more than 13 grams daily.

Health Benefits of Coconut oil

Coconut oil has been praised for its numerous health benefits. Here are some of them:

  1. Promotes heart health: Coconut oil is high in lauric acid, a type of medium-chain fatty acid that can help improve cholesterol levels and reduce the risk of heart disease.
  2. Boosts brain function: Medium-chain triglycerides (MCTs) found in coconut oil have been shown to increase ketone production, which can provide an alternative energy source for the brain and improve cognitive function.
  3. Supports immune system: Coconut oil contains antimicrobial properties due to the lauric acid, capric acid, and caprylic acid present in it. It can help protect the body against harmful bacteria, viruses, and fungi.
  4. Aids in weight loss: Coconut oil contains MCTs that can increase metabolism, reduce appetite, and help burn fat.
  5. Promotes healthy skin and hair: Coconut oil can help moisturize and nourish the skin, reduce inflammation, and prevent signs of aging. It can also help improve hair health by reducing protein loss and damage.
  6. Improves digestion: Coconut oil can help improve digestion by reducing inflammation and promoting the growth of good gut bacteria.

It is important to note that while coconut oil has many potential health benefits, it is still high in saturated fat and should be consumed in moderation as part of a healthy diet.

Different Types of Coconut oil

There are several types of coconut oil available, including:

  1. Refined coconut oil: This type of coconut oil is made from dried coconut meat that has been bleached, refined, and deodorized. It has a higher smoke point than unrefined coconut oil and a neutral taste.
  2. Unrefined coconut oil: Also known as virgin or extra-virgin coconut oil, this type of coconut oil is made from fresh coconut meat and is not refined or processed. It has a lower smoke point than refined coconut oil and a slightly sweet, coconut flavor.
  3. Fractionated coconut oil: This type of coconut oil is made by separating the long-chain fatty acids from the oil, leaving behind only the medium-chain triglycerides (MCTs). It remains liquid at room temperature and has a neutral taste.
  4. Organic coconut oil: This type of coconut oil is made from coconuts that have been grown without the use of pesticides or synthetic fertilizers. It may be refined or unrefined.
  5. Cold-pressed coconut oil: This type of coconut oil is made using a cold-press method that does not involve heat or chemicals. It may be refined or unrefined.

The type of coconut oil you choose will depend on your personal preferences and how you plan to use it. Refined coconut oil is a good choice for high-heat cooking, while unrefined coconut oil is ideal for baking and adding a coconut flavor to dishes. Fractionated coconut oil is often used in skincare products, while organic and cold-pressed coconut oil may be preferred for its natural and minimally processed qualities.

Uses of Coconut oil

Coconut oil is a versatile product with many uses that range from cooking to skincare and beyond. I will discuss the various uses of coconut oil and the benefits it provides in each of these applications.

  1. Cooking: coconut oil is a popular cooking oil. Its high smoke point and neutral taste make it ideal for frying, baking, and sautéing. Additionally, coconut oil contains medium-chain fatty acids, which research suggests may offer health benefits such as improving cholesterol levels and aiding in weight loss.
  2. Skin care: coconut oil is a common ingredient in many personal care products, particularly skin care products. It is easily absorbed into the skin and can help to reduce dryness and flakiness, as well as the appearance of fine lines and wrinkles. Coconut oil is also often used as a natural moisturizer for hair, as it can help to repair damage and leave hair feeling soft and silky.
  3. Health and wellness: coconut oil has been used in traditional medicine for centuries and is believed to have several health benefits. For example, some studies suggest that coconut oil may help to reduce inflammation and improve brain function. It is also commonly used as a natural remedy for conditions such as eczema and acne.
  4. Oral hygiene: coconut oil can be used in oral hygiene. A traditional Ayurvedic practice called oil pulling involves swishing coconut oil in the mouth for several minutes to help promote oral hygiene and fresh breath. Some studies suggest that this practice may help to reduce harmful bacteria in the mouth and prevent tooth decay.
  5. Household applications: coconut oil can be used in household applications. For example, it can be used as a natural furniture polish or as a lubricant for squeaky doors and hinges.

In conclusion, coconut oil is a versatile product with many uses and benefits. From cooking to skin care and oral hygiene, coconut oil has a range of applications that make it a popular choice for many people. Whether you're looking for a natural ingredient for your personal care products or a healthier cooking oil, coconut oil is definitely worth considering.